Do you have a successful e-commerce store online? Are you urging to keep your store secure from many hackers on the internet and other security breaches? This particular article would talk holistically about the useful methods to secure your Magento online store. Stay tuned!
Security has been the major concern for all the online business owners of an online store as e-commerce websites are an easy target for advanced hackers because of the availability of personal information and payment. Hence, securing your e-commerce Magento store and making it a protected platform becomes critical to winning users’ trust.
Magento has a major impact on the online industry because of its valuable features and daily updates. It’s an extendedly adopted CMS (Content Management System) for business websites because it’s well-equipped with pre-installed security features. Magento community says there are 250,000+ merchants worldwide utilizing Magento as their business platform.
Suppose you’re looking to begin an online business. In that case, you must always go with The Magento solution for your e-commerce store to improve the users’ shopping experience, hence maximizing your revenue.
Detect whether your Magento site is hacked!
The ways which we’re going to explain to you here are pretty simple to follow and would fetch your site out of the hack quickly as possible. However, we would still suggest you ensure your Magento site is not facing any malfunctioning and is hacked!
Some applications highly help you in this matter.
Magento Security Scanner to Find Malware & Vulnerabilities
Astra’s newest security report shows that sixty-two percent of the Magento site has at least one vulnerability.
How do you make sure your Magento shop does not expose any online security risk?
One of the essential things to do is implement hardening tips to protect from any online threats and utilize cloud-based WAF. However, what if you would want to see the security posture of your eCommerce store? How will you know if that does not contain a security flaw?
That is why you require a security scanner to execute all kinds of tests on-demand and schedule them. The following are the popular scanners which you could utilize to execute on your Magento website.
MageReport is one of the best scanners to verify the Magento site for known security vulnerabilities at no cost. Yes, it’s true. It is entirely FREE, including the following.
- Admin disclosure
- Security patch 6482, 9652, 6788, 7405
- RCE/webforms vulnerability
- API exposed
- Visit malware
- Brute force attacks
- And much more…
MageReport doesn’t just check the core Magento; however also some Third-party available extensions for any vulnerabilities. You might register at MageReport to get notified about a new vulnerability found whenever you interact inside your admin side.
External Scan by The Foregenix test and offer a high-level report of the following points.
- Magento shoplift
- Outdated version
- Cloud Harvester malware
- Unprotected version control
- Credit card hijack
- XSS, RSS attack
- Admin takeover/disclosure
- Secrets leak
The report is shown on display and sent to your email address as PDF as well.
Security Patch Tester
Patch Tester is specially developed to help if your online store is vulnerable to the latest security risk.
If you’re looking to check the security patch, it will be a quick and handy tool.
SUCURI is not particularly for Magento; however, SUCURI would help test the site for many components. Helpful to quickly analyze your website against primary online threats.
- Injected SPAM
Mage Scan isn’t an online scanner; instead, you have to install it on the server. If you’re wanting to test the intranet Magento website, then Mage Scan could be the best choice for you.
Magento Security Scan
A scanner tool for security by Magento Commerce. You are required to make an account (it’s entirely FREE) and verify the website ownership before you execute the scan. The best thing is, you could schedule to execute scans regularly or weekly and get the adequate report to your email address.
A web-based enterprise-ready vulnerability scanner that does not slow down the website while a scan is running. Acunetix provides a comprehensive security scan not just covering Magento mainly but overall everything regarding the website.
Scan results include a possible resolution that helps security experts and programmers to fix the problems quickly. You could track them on your favorite bug tracker like GitHub, Jira, Bugzilla, etc.
If you require business owners or compliance officers, you could produce HIPAA, PCI, OWASP, and DSS top 10 reports.
Magento Stores Security Tips
The most considerable danger of hackers attack is that you almost could not reveal them until it’s too late. So, we must take care of the website security in advance and daily check its health.
Use only the latest Magento version
Many users of Magento think that updating the latest Magento version isn’t a secure move; hence, they stand back from upgrading their old Magento websites. This isn’t true; in fact, programmers always go through strict debugging and meticulous testing and verify the security patches problems in the latest launched version to provide an error-free version of The Magento.
Hence, updating your Magento website to the newest version of Magento is necessary-advisable. You could leverage several advantages by updating, such as ignoring unnecessary downtime, preventing hacking on your e-commerce website, essential upgrades, new functionalities, bug fixes, and much more.
Unique and Customized Admin URL
Hackers could easily brute-force to the Magento login page of the admin. If you would access it through www.xyz123.com/admin. Hence, to prevent your online website from attacks by hackers and users who like to spam your website, you must always look for making a unique and customized admin URL, which is tough for hackers to get through.
Adding a secret key to the URL that is only permitted to those eligible to access the admin panel is an advisable tip to improve your Magento store security.
Use two-factor authentication
Making a tough password for your e-commerce Magento-based website is not enough. That is the reason a ton of online store owners are now opting for 2FA (two-factor authentication) to avoid online threats for their e-commerce website.
With that said, Magento p[rovides a reliable extension of two-factor authentication, which helps online store owners to update their Magento admin login security as well as keeps them stress-free from password-related security risks.
Utilize an encrypted connection (HTTPS/SSL)
There’s always a risk of data fetching whenever you send data, like login credentials on an unencrypted connection. Hence, utilizing a secure connection becomes crucial for Magento stores.
Having a secure SSL/HTTPS URL is the most critical element that makes your Magento website PCI compliant. This way, you could make a secure shopping experience for your users and win their precious trust.
Do not set file permissions to 777
Magento suggests not to keep any 777 file permissions for files and provides to change them as soon as you complete the rewrite.
Utilize Secure FTP
FTP password interceptions are the most ordinary ways to be hacked. You could eliminate this vulnerability utilizing SSH File Protocols (SFTP ), which needs private file submission just for access and offers extra encryption of the credentials.
Carry out daily Magento backups
Daily backups are among the most efficient ways to decrease the risk of attacks and an effective way for recovery.
Disable directory indexing
To hide core Magento files from the hacker, you could disable directory indexing, and your security becomes stronger.
Never reuse Magento password anywhere else
This statement is entirely dedicated to all essential passwords you utilize, and Magento passwords aren’t any exception. Utilize Magento passwords only for the admin panel, not anywhere else.
Select strong passwords
Highly-secured and tough passwords make you feel protected about users’ sales and information data. It would help if you utilized long enough passwords with lower and upper case letters, special characters, and numbers.
Eliminate email loopholes
As far as Magento offers the passwords recovery function, ensure your email isn’t known and keep its passwords entirely secured, the same as Magento passwords.
Check Magento security Daily
Daily Magento security checking will keep you up to date and calm about online stores’ health. For this purpose, you could utilize Magento extensions or hire any audit company.
Grant admin access to approved IP addresses only
If you enter the admin area from a definite pull of the IP addresses, you could restrict the access from other ones inside the .httpaccess file. To define a pull of addresses or certain IP addresses there and enhance the overall security.
Keep up-to-date the antivirus software
Up-to-date, your antivirus software fulfills an essential task within the security policy. Commercial products generally provide robust protection against viruses and trojans, and you must better pay for their products and services than getting suffered from data leaks.
Do not save passwords inside your browser
Saving passwords inside your browser might be convenient, however indeed, not wise. Those who’s access to the computer could easily read the username and password and utilize them.
Utilize the Magento community advantages
Since Magento has a humongous community of developers and users, you could utilize multiple guides, tutorials, forum threads, and some great advice to keep your store safe.
Be aware, where your browser is coming from
Your browser is the central mediator between the Web and you. It stores your cookies, passwords, and URLs, ensuring you utilize a verified one from a trustworthy provider. Or else all security efforts are useless.
Prevent MySQL Injection
When hackers succeed in breaching the MySQL database. They can quietly access all the information of your store, void transactions, spoil customers’ data, and much more. To eliminate this, Magento offers reliable support to defeat all MySQL injection attacks with the newest version and patches. Adding a powerful web application firewall is advised to keep your e-commerce website well-protected.
Choose the Correct Magento Hosting
For quite a while, those who are using the online business now know that shared hosting isn’t a safe choice for any e-commerce business, and e-commerce isn’t an exception. Hence, the managed hosting platform is the correct choice for you if you don’t want to compromise your Magento e-commerce security. Besides that, Managed hosting covers the entire server patching and security and guarantees robust Magento security.
Powerful Backup Plan
A backup plan is necessarily many tips in terms of privacy and security. If the website gets hacked or suppose it crashes because of some reason, a backup plan would always make sure that you do not get disruption related to services. By storing your website backup files, you could easily prevent data loss.
The Magento 2 counters this as having a set of file system permissions that do all automatic check by making a particular role in the platform. Aside from that, you must always practice the utilization of both hard disk backups and cloud-based storage to avoid any interruption.
Best possible fix of a Magento site
Magento online stores are successfully hacked not compulsorily because of the improper Magento security measures instead of the whole environment’s insufficient security measures. In other words, it is not always Magento that’s to blame.
If any segment of your system or server opens the window to a hacker, then Magento becomes vulnerable as well. It is essential to monitor and update Magento and the whole server stack, aka LEMP (Linux, MySQL, NGINX, PHP) or LAMP (Linux, MySQL, Apache, PHP).
We will touch on the Magento security measures later at the end of the article.
My Magento website got hacked. What should I do to recover?
Step 1. Ensure that the hack is there
When a hacker attacks your website, he/she acquires all rights of the component or system they hack. For example, suppose he/she gets inside your system using NGINX they will have all access only www-data, which isn’t a privileged user. A savvy hacker would always try to stay inside the system by all means. They would search for more easy and local vulnerabilities to explore which kind of data they can access and how they can raise their rights and privileges.
Their final goal is the root directory of the server. Once they get the privilege to the root, there is a risk that you will not be capable of detecting all those changes which hackers could potentially make to the system that still will influence its performing ability. The hackers would be able to hide all their traces so that you might even not be capable of getting them out.
To find out how far the hackers could come, you must perform a thorough and proper analysis of every activity and change made in the environment. This operation takes time. The time that you can’t waste.
Therefore, you are required to understand if your Magento online store got hacked immediately, and you must take measures to prevent any unfavorable consequences.
Signs of Magento hack:
- Customers’ complaints on credit card activity.
- Blacklist warnings.
- Aberrant behavior of Magento page.
- Malicious activities are reported by the hosting provider.
- Spam keywords appear on the site.
- Unknown modifications in folders or files.
- Modifications inside the Magento core.
- Unusual load on the server.
- Unknown admin users and sessions.
Step 2. Decide – Not to downtime or to downtime
Once you have noticed anything from the above list inside your Magento website, do not hesitate to contact a Magento development company or your system administrator. They will quickly analyze your website and tell you what’s going on and what the solution is.
From there, you will have to make an essential decision – to put your website in a downtime mode or not.
Downtime is the duration while your website will be unavailable for every user. You turn off the server from the network, and the store will not perform any activity. Your users will not be able to make payments and orders. Neither would a hacker be capable of taking up a remote control over your website and cause you any damage.
Suppose your store operates hundreds of orders per hour. A several-hour downtime would lead to a considerable profit loss. Then you could try to fix everything on the go.
But if you could afford a several-hour downtime, we suggest you turn off the server from the network.
Step 3. Set up a clean and safe Magento installation
So, you’ve got your server disabled.
Now you require to reinstall Magento on the new server utilizing the clean and most recent version.
This is the safest method to make sure your store will not suffer the same hacker’s attack and the fastest way to put the business back online so that you don’t lose profit.
We suggest installing a Magento version not from the backup but the one which is stored inside the git repository.
Why utilize the Magento version from the git repository?
When you create a Magento store, you utilize a local server. Your backend and frontend are not accessible to anyone except your team – testers, admin, developers, etc. The last version of the store is downloaded from the git repository. From there, it goes to a live website.
This means that the latest version stored inside the git repository is absolutely clean for 99.99%. Even if it has the same vulnerability, you might be sure that a 3rd person has not accessed it yet. You will have time to eliminate that vulnerability when you launch the store. However, if you are installing the Magento version from the backup, there is a risk that a hacker’s malicious script might already be there.
Step 4. Install all required software and patches.
Once you’ve a new server with a clean Magento installation, ensure that all software updates and the Magento security patches are installed as well.
A patch is one package of modified core files that fixes security or vulnerability problems detected in the Magento.
There’s a fantastic tool – MageReport.com – which permits you to immediately check if all the critical patches have been installed and what fundamental security problems your website has.
Step 5. Configure the new database.
When you’ve a clean and latest Magento setup, set the newest version of the client’s database from your backup. This database contains all the newest transactions and all recent orders being made at the eCommerce store. With this, you could restore your online business from the moment when you switched off the server.
If the Magento store got hacked, you must inform all your users about it regardless of what users’ information you store. However, in practice, hardly there is a store owner who would feel eager about the idea of losing his user’s trust. That is at the least.
If you operate payments inside the Magento store by safe payment gateways, a hacker will not be capable of accessing your users’ credit card credentials. All famous payment gateways like Amazon Payments or PayPal provide advanced encryption. If you are storing any client’s payment data inside your database, informing your users about a hack and requesting them to keep their eyes on their credit card transactions is a must.
Step 6. Analyze and monitor
You have configured the database and configured your store back online. You could accept payments and feel secured that the hacker is left outside of the system.
Now you’ve time to analyze what led to a successful attack and eliminate all of those vulnerabilities.
The typical Magento vulnerabilities
- Open server vulnerability in “image upload directory”
- Weak passwords inside the Admin panel or FTP (e.g., “company_name”, “admin”, “11111”, etc.)
- Outdated content management system version or Magento installation
- Insecure web host
- Buggy extensions or plugins
If the hack causes any unusual behavior of the Magento site, you will notice it quickly.
But, not every attack leads to the apparent change in Magento’s behavior. Your store could operate the usual way, and you could think that everything is alright even when a hack has taken place. Therefore, you must observe new server behavior to track all unknown logins, if there is an unknown activity in logs if there is a similar activity that leads to hacking.