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Location of useful programe in Linux

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  • Location of useful programe in Linux

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    If you are trying to find a program, log into the shell.

    Type the command:

    # whereis <program>

    where program is the program you are looking for, will show you one or more possibilities for what you are looking for.

    If you have more than one copy of a program, say one in /usr/bin and another in /usr/local/bin/ ,

    typing "which program" will show you which one will be called first.

    If you can't find it at all, type command:

    # locate <program>

    will show you everyfile that matches "program".

    Some of the most common programs :
    /usr/sbin/sendmail
    /usr/bin/perl
    /bin/mail
    /usr/bin/php

    Default locations for most commonly used configuration files and important directories:

    Exim

    /etc/exim.conf
    /var/log/exim_mainlog
    /var/log/exim_rejectlog
    /etc/valiases/
    /etc/vfilters/
    /home/username/.forward

    MySQL

    /root/.my.cnf
    /etc/my.cnf
    /var/lib/mysql/

    Apache
    /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf
    /usr/local/apache/domlogs/

    System
    /var/log/messages
    /var/log/dmesg

    Proftpd
    /etc/proftpd.conf
    /var/log/xferlog
    /etc/proftpd/

    sshd
    /etc/ssh/sshd_config
    Last edited by admin; 08-12-2015, 09:44 AM.
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