How to connect MySQL using Remote Access from Shell?

You need to type the following commands which will allow remote connections:

1) Login over ssh to your MySQL database server if the server is outside your IDC.
2) Enable networking:

Once connected you need edit the mysql configuration file my.cfg using a text editor such as vi.

If you are using Debian Linux file is located at /etc/mysql/my.cnf location

If you are using Red Hat Linux/Fedora/Centos Linux file is located at /etc/my.cnf location

If you are using FreeBSD you need to create a file /var/db/mysql/my.cnf
# vi /etc/my.cnf

3) Once file opened, locate line that read as follows


Make sure line skip-networking is commented (or remove line) and add following line

For example, if your MySQL server IP is then entire block should be look like as follows:

user = mysql
pid-file = /var/run/mysqld/
socket = /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
port = 3306
basedir = /usr
datadir = /var/lib/mysql
tmpdir = /tmp
language = /usr/share/mysql/English
bind-address =
# skip-networking
bind-address : IP address to bind to.
skip-networking : Don't listen for TCP/IP connections at all. All interaction with mysqld must be made via Unix sockets. This option is highly recommended for systems where only local requests are allowed. Since you need to allow remote connection this line should removed from file or put it in comment state.

4) Save and Close the file

Restart your mysql service to take change in effect:# /etc/init.d/mysql restart

5) Grant access to remote IP address

# mysql -u root -p mysqlGrant access to new database
If you want to add new database called foo for user bar and remote IP then you need to type following commands at mysql> prompt:mysql> CREATE DATABASE foo;
mysql> GRANT ALL ON foo.* TO [email protected]'' IDENTIFIED BY 'PASSWORD';